In 1911, the inaugural Laffan Professor of Assyriology, Albert T. Clay, founded the Yale Babylonian Collection, which today comprises over 45,000 items, including cuneiform tablets, cylinder seals, and other artifacts, as well as a complete reference library, seminar room, work space for visiting scholars, casts of major monuments, and digitization facilities. It is one of the largest collection of seals and textual material from ancient Mesopotamia in North America and ranks among the leading collections in the world. 

Top row, left to right: Old Assyrian letter (NBC 1907); window in Collection office; Kassite kudurru (NBC 9502). Bottom row, left to right: Old Akkadian delivery of goats (NBC 6861); Babylonian duck weight (YBC 2262); Old Babylonian mask (YBC 2238).